Nonlinear dynamics in fluids

Fluid flows occur in a huge range of scales, from blood capillaries to atmospheric weather systems. The way in which substances are transported has large impacts, e.g., on how pollutants arrive to distant locations, plankton meets the nutrients, or into the whole heat balance involved in the Earth climate.

At IFISC we develop techniques useful to characterize transport in fluids, quantify stretching, mixing, and connectivity between parts of a fluid. We apply them to geophysical settings, mostly in the ocean. We develop tools to identify barriers to the transport of oxygen and nutrients, evaluate the ecological implications of larval transport, or track the origins of water vapor masses transported by atmospheric winds.


Researchers

  • Emilio Hernández-García

    Emilio Hernández-García

  • Cristóbal López

    Cristóbal López

  • Tomás Sintes

    Tomás Sintes

  • Gabor Drotos

    Gabor Drotos

Recent and ongoing Research projects

CAFE

Climate Advanced Forecasting of sub-seasonal Extremes

P.I.: Emilio Hernández-García
Climate extremes such as heat waves or tropical storms have huge social and economic impact. The forecasting of such extreme events at the sub-seasonal time scale (from 10 days to 3 months) ...

LAOP

Lagrangian studies of Oceanic Processes: connectivity patterns, barriers to transport and marine populations

P.I.: Cristóbal López
The general objective of this proposal is the study of Lagrangian transport in the oceans with tools borrowed from nonlinear physics, and their influence on marine ecosystems.

Recent Publications

Lagrangian studies of sedimentation and transport. Impact on marine ecosystems

Pedro Monroy (Supervisors: Cristobal Lopez and Emilio Hernandez-Garcia)
PhD Thesis (2019)

Spatial inhomogeneities in the sedimentation of biogenic particles in ocean flows: analysis in the Benguela region

Monroy, Pedro; Drotos, Gabor; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio; Lopez, Cristobal
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 124, 4744--4762 (2019)

The application of Machine Learning Techniques to improve El Niño prediction skill

Dijkstra, Henk A.; Petersik, Paul; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio; Lopez, Cristobal
Submitted (2019)

Accounting for ocean connectivity and hydroclimate in fish recruitment fluctuations within transboundary metapopulations

Hidalgo, Manuel; Rossi, Vincent; Monroy, Pedro; Ser-Giacomi, Enrico; Hernández-García, Emilio; Guijarro, Beatriz; Massutí, Enric; Alemany, Francisco; Jadaud, Angelique; Pérez, José Luis; Reglero,Patricia
Ecological Applications 29, e01913 (2019)

Crossroads of the mesoscale circulation

Baudena, Alberto; Ser-Giacomi, Enrico; Lopez, Cristobal; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio; d'Ovidio, Francesco
Journal of Marine Systems 192, 1-14 (2019)

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