Vector-borne epidemics driven by human mobility
Soriano-Paños,David;Arias-Castro,Judy Heliana;Martínez,Hector J.;Meloni,Sandro;Gómez-Gardeñes,Jesús;
Vector-borne epidemics are the result of the combination of different factors such as the crossed contagions between humans and vectors, their demographic distribution and human mobility among others. The current availability of information about the former ingredients demands their incorporation to current mathematical models for vector-borne disease transmission. Here, relying on metapopulation dynamics, we propose a framework whose results are in fair agreement with those obtained from mechanistic simulations. This framework allows us to derive an expression of the epidemic threshold capturing with high accuracy the conditions leading to the onset of epidemics. Driven by these insights, we obtain a prevalence indicator to rank the patches according to the risk of being affected by a vector-borne disease. We illustrate the utility of this epidemic risk indicator by reproducing the spatial distribution Dengue cases reported in the city of Santiago de Cali (Colombia) from 2015 to 2016.