Synchronization, quantum correlations and entanglement in oscillator networks

Manzano, Gonzalo; Galve, Fernando; Giorgi, Gian Luca; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio; Zambrini, Roberta
Scientific Reports 3, 1439 (1-6) (2013)

Synchronization is one of the paradigmatic phenomena in the study of complex systems. It has been
explored theoretically and experimentally mostly to understand natural phenomena, but also in view of
technological applications. Although several mechanisms and conditions for synchronous behavior in
spatially extended systems and networks have been identified, the emergence of this phenomenon has been
largely unexplored in quantum systems until very recently. Here we discuss synchronization in quantum
networks of different harmonic oscillators relaxing towards a stationary state, being essential the form of
dissipation. By local tuning of one of the oscillators, we establish the conditions for synchronous dynamics,
in the whole network or in a motif. Beyond the classical regime we show that synchronization between (even
unlinked) nodes witnesses the presence of quantum correlations and entanglement. Furthermore,
synchronization and entanglement can be induced between two different oscillators if properly linked to a
random network.

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