Synchronization of tunable asymmetric square-wave pulses in delay-coupled optoelectronic oscillators
Martínez-Llinàs, Jade; Colet, Pere; Erneux, Thomas
Physical Review E 91, 032911 (1-14) (2015)
We consider a model for two delay-coupled optoelectronic oscillators under positive delayed feedback as prototypical to study the conditions for synchronization of asymmetric square-wave oscillations, for which the duty cycle is not half of the period. We show that the scenario arising for positive feedback is much richer than
with negative feedback. First, it allows for the coexistence of multiple in- and out-of-phase asymmetric periodic square waves for the same parameter values. Second, it is tunable: The period of all the square-wave periodic pulses can be tuned with the ratio of the delays, and the duty cycle of the asymmetric square waves can be
changed with the offset phase while the total period remains constant. Finally, in addition to the multiple inand out-of-phase periodic square waves, low-frequency periodic asymmetric solutions oscillating in phase may coexist for the same values of the parameters. Our analytical results are in agreement with numerical simulations
and bifurcation diagrams obtained by using continuation techniques.