Quantum reservoir computing in bosonic networks

Mujal, Pere; Nokkala, Johannes; Martinez-Peña, Rodrigo; García-Beni, Jorge; Giorgi, Gian Luca; Soriano, Miguel C.; Zambrini, Roberta
Emerging Topics in Artificial Intelligence (ETAI) 2021, SPIE, International Society for Optics and Photonics, 11804, 20-29 (2021)

Quantum reservoir computing is an unconventional computing approach that exploits the quantumness of physical systems used as reservoirs to process information, combined with an easy training strategy. An overview is presented about a range of possibilities including quantum inputs, quantum physical substrates and quantum tasks. Recently, the framework of quantum reservoir computing has been proposed using Gaussian quantum states that can be realized e.g. in linear quantum optical systems. The universality and versatility of the system makes it particularly interesting for optical implementations. In particular, full potential of the proposed model can be reached even by encoding into quantum fluctuations, such as squeezed vacuum, instead of classical intense fields or thermal fluctuations. Some examples of the performance of this linear quantum reservoir in temporal tasks are reported.

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