Noise and Inertia-Induced Inhomogeneity in the Distribution of Small Particles in Fluid Flows
Cartwright, Julyan H. E.; Magnasco, Marcelo; Piro, Oreste
Chaos 12, 489-495 (2002)
The dynamics of small spherical neutrally buoyant particulate impurities immersed in a two-dimensional fluid flow are known to lead to particle accumulation in the regions of the flow in which rotation dominates over shear, provided that the Stokes number of the particles is sufficiently small. If the flow is viewed as a Hamiltonian dynamical system, it can be seen that the accumulations occur in the nonchaotic parts of the phase space: the Kolmogorov--Arnold--Moser tori. This has suggested a generalization of these dynamics to Hamiltonian maps, dubbed a bailout embedding. In this paper we use a bailout embedding of the standard map to mimic the dynamics of impurities subject not only to drag but also to fluctuating forces modelled as white noise. We find that the generation of inhomogeneities associated with the separation of particle from fluid trajectories is enhanced by the presence of noise, so that they appear in much broader ranges of the Stokes number than those allowing spontaneous separation.