Modulated Amplitude Waves and the Transition from Phase to Defect Chaos

Brusch, L.; Zimmermann, M.G.;van Hecke, M.; Bär, M.; Torcini, A.
Physical Review Letters 85, 86-89 (2000)

The mechanism for transitions from phase to defect chaos in the one-dimensional complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (CGLE) is presented. We describe periodic coherent structures of the CGLE, called modulated amplitude waves (MAWs). MAWs of various periods P occur in phase chaotic states. A bifurcation study of the MAWs reveals that for sufficiently large period, pairs of MAWs cease to exist via a saddle-node bifurcation. For periods beyond this bifurcation, incoherent near-MAW structures evolve towards defects. This leads to our main result: the transition from phase to defect chaos takes place when the periods of MAWs in phase chaos are driven beyond their saddle-node bifurcation.

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