Local and Network-Wide Time Scales of Delay Propagation in Air Transport: A Granger causality Approach
Pastorino, Luisina; Zanin, Massimiliano
Aerospace 10 (1), 36 (2023)
Complex network theory, in conjunction with metrics able to detect causality relationships from time series, has recently emerged as an effective and intuitive way of studying delay propagation in air transport. One important step in such analysis is converting the discrete set of landing events into a time series representing the average delay evolution. Most works have hitherto focused on fixed-size windows, whose size is defined based on a priori considerations. Here, we show that an optimal airport-dependent window size, which allows maximising the number of detected causality relationships, can be calculated. We further show how the macro-scale but not the micro-scale structure is modified by such a choice and how airport centrality, and hence its importance in the propagation process, is strongly affected. We finally discuss the implications of these results in terms of detecting the characteristic time scales of delay propagation.