Navegando por la complejidad del siglo XXI: La información como motor

March 5, 2019

Publicizing the world of complex systems and interdisciplinary science through outreach activities has been one of the main objectives of IFISC (UIB-CSIC) from its inception to the present day. With this goal in mind, the series of talks "Navegando por la complejidad del siglo XXI" was born in collaboration with Fundación La Caixa, whose central themes this year will be the information processing in the fields of computing, climate systems, the brain and evolution.

This dissemination activity, which will start on 20 March, will consist of three talks at a rate of one per week, and will be held at the Caixa Forum in Palma. It will bring together the most relevant aspects of complex systems, their new scientific challenges and how they can impact our daily lives. This second edition of the activity will deal with information and its processing in and by complex systems as the engine of science and technology in the 21st century. From biological systems, which include ecosystems and neural networks, to quantum computing and artificial intelligence, information is essential for their functioning. Processing and managing this information is essential; complex systems prove to be a powerful tool.

More information and tickets at: https://caixaforum.es/palma/fichaciclo?entryId=835328 


LA COMPUTACIÓN COGNITIVA EN TIEMPOS DE UNA NUEVA REVOLUCIÓN

Carlos Santana

20 March 2019, 7 p.m. 

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is proposed as the next great step that humanity will take at the time of introducing disruptive transformations in all spheres of our society, such as economy, medicine, transport, or art. A revolution based on the new emerging technologies we are developing today: blockchain, 5G networks, virtual reality or 3D printing. However, of all these technologies, there is one that redefines everything, and whose results we are already beginning to perceive. A technology that redefines how to process information, how to solve problems and how to understand computing. This technology is Machine Learning, the great revolution within the field of Artificial Intelligence. 


¿CÓMO EXTRAER INFORMACIÓN DE SEÑALES COMPLEJAS? ESTUDIANDO EL CLIMA, EL CEREBRO Y LAS OLAS GIGANTES

Cristina Masoller

28 March 2019, 7 p.m. 

Complex systems are those made up of several interconnected parts that, when interrelated, generate new information. Among them are examples as disparate as the climate, the brain or the ocean. In this presentation we will discover how all of them can present similar and potentially catastrophic phenomena, hand in hand with the physicist Cristina Masoller, lecturer at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya and expert in the analysis of complex climatic phenomena such as El Niño. There are several methods of information theory that are used to "spy" on our complex systems. We will explain which are and analyze some of the phenomena that can trigger in the fate of these systems extreme fluctuations and abrupt transitions. Interlinking the results with the causes we can see how, in the case of climate, the methods used today allow us to detect relevant climate changes that have occurred over the last 30 years.


NO PONGAS TODOS LOS HUEVOS EN LA MISMA CESTA: DIVERSIFICACIÓN DE RIESGOS Y ESTRATEGIAS MIXTAS EN EVOLUCIÓN

Miguel Ángel Muñoz

4 April 2019, 7 p.m. 

The concept of bet-hedging was first formalized in the context of finance, and is nothing more than the mathematical version of the popular saying "don't put all your eggs in one basket". This concept is very useful in evolutionary biology to understand processes of adaptation of species to the environment and to understand the bizarre variety of forms and strategies they have developed. In this talk we will review some curious examples of bet-hedging in biology, particularly in micro-organisms and plants, and we will see how the science of complex systems can explain them, and thus understand some surprising or apparently paradoxical phenomena of nature.




 Navegando por la complejidad del siglo XXI: La información como motor

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