Optimal work extraction and thermodynamics of quantum measurements and correlations

Manzano, Gonzalo; Plastina, Francesco; Zambrini; Roberta
Physical Review Letters 121, 120602 (2018)

We analyze the role of indirect quantum measurements in work extraction from quantum systems in nonequilibrium states. In particular, we focus on the work that can be obtained by exploiting the correlations shared between the system of interest and an additional ancilla, where measurement backaction introduces a nontrivial thermodynamic tradeoff. We present optimal state-dependent protocols for extracting work from both classical and quantum correlations, the latter being measured by discord. We show that, while the work content of classical correlations can be fully extracted by performing local operations on the system of interest, the amount of work related to quantum discord requires a specific driving protocol that includes interaction between system and ancilla.

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