Automated real-time method for ventricular heartbeat classification

Ortín, Silvia; Soriano, Miguel C.; Alfaras, Miquel; Mirasso, Claudio R.
Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 169, 1-8 (2019)

In this work, we develop a fully automatic and real-time ventricular heartbeat classifier based on a single ECG lead. Single ECG lead classifiers can be especially useful for wearable technologies that provide continuous and long-term monitoring of the electrocardiogram. These wearables usually have a few non-standard leads and the quality of the signals depends on the user physical activity. The proposed method uses an Echo State Network (ESN) to classify ECG signals following the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) recommendations with an inter-patient scheme. To achieve real-time classification, the classifier itself and the feature extraction approach are fast and computationally efficient. In addition, our approach allows transferring the knowledge from one database to another without additional training. The classification performance of the proposed model is validated on the MIT-BIH arrhythmia and INCART databases. The sensitivity and precision of the proposed method for MIT-BIH arrhythmia database are 95.3 and 88.8 for the modified lead II and 90.9 and 89.2 for the V1 lead. The results reported are further compared to the existing methodologies in the literature. Our methodology is a competitive single lead ventricular heartbeat classifier, that is comparable to state-of-the-art algorithms using multiple leads. The proposed fully automated, single-lead and real-time heartbeat classifier of ventricular heartbeats reports an improved classification accuracy in different leads of the evaluated databases in comparison with other single lead heartbeat classifiers. These results open the possibility of applying our methodology to wearable long-term monitoring devices with an unconventional placement of the electrodes.

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