Curvature effects and radial homoclinic snaking
Gomila, Damià; Knobloch, Edgar
In this work we revisit some general results on the dynamics of circular fronts between homogeneous states and the formation of localized structures in two dimensions. We show how the bifurcation diagram of axisymmetric structures localized in radius fits within the framework of collapsed homoclinic snaking. In 2D, owing to curvature effects, the collapse of the snaking structure follows a different scaling that is determined by the so-called nucleation radius. Moreover, in the case of fronts between two equivalent states, the precise point in parameter space to which radial snaking collapses is not a “Maxwell” point, but is determined by the curvature-driven dynamics only. In this case the snaking collapses to a zero surface tension point. Near this point, the breaking of symmetry between the homogeneous states tilts the snaking diagram. A different scaling law is found for the collapse of the snaking curve in each case. Curvature effects on axisymmetric localized states with internal structure are also discussed, as are cellular structures separated from a homogeneous state by a circular front. While some of these results are well understood in terms of curvature-driven dynamics and front interactions, a proper mathematical description in terms of homoclinic trajectories in a radial spatial dynamics description is lacking.