Quantifying mobility responses to COVID-19 containment strategies in Spain

The onset of COVID-19 in late 2019 had a wide and profound effects on our lives. Some of the outstanding impacts of the pandemic are on the way people interact and travel. In response to the sanitary crisis, many countries have implemented containment policies that have proven effectiveness in controlling and mitigating the spread of the disease. However, the increase in the frequency of epidemics observed in recent years, underlines the importance of knowledge on the effects that restrictive policies on human mobility have on epidemic spreading. This is useful not only for understanding and predicting the dynamics of COVID-19 infection, but it is rather essential to better cope with similar scenarios in the future. The purpose of this Master’s Thesis is to assess how the human mobility network, on a country-wide basis, has evolved in response to restrictive measures and how these changes affect the ability of the network to support diffusion. For that purpose, we use movement data, of mobile phone users, that account for the number of trips between each pair of locations in Germany and Spain. In Germany, we focus on the first outbreak, while in Spain, we extend the coverage period to more than a year later, allowing us to identify long-lasting changes. The study of mobility patterns in both countries showed that traffic was effectively reduced… 


Advisor: Sandro Meloni

Jury: Maxi San Miguel, Pere Colet, Sandro Meloni

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Sandro Meloni

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