The demographic changes bring challenges to the individual, the economy, and to the society. Especially with respect to the cognitive dimensions of age-related changes in health it is unclear as to whether changes in cognitive resources are in principle an inevitable faith of the aging individual or whether they are subject to preventive measures. The present talk presents the current state of the art in cognitive aging research underling that (1) cognitive resources are vitally important for the aging individual and for an aging society, that (2) cognitive aging is individually very different and that many older adults are fitter than younger adults, and that (3) cognitive resources can and should be trained at all ages. Evidence is presented suggesting that cognitive stimulation and training are the best prevention of cognitive decline and may become an important human resource instrument in the face of an aging workforce as well as key dimensions of health prevention campaigns on a population level.
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