Synchronisation Induced by Repulsive Interactions in a System of van der Pol Oscillators

Vaz Martins, Teresa; Toral, Raúl
Progress of Theoretical Physics 126, 353-368 (2011)

We consider a system of identical van der Pol oscillators, globally coupled through their velocities, and study how the presence of competitive interactions affects its synchronisation properties. We will address the question from two points of view. Firstly, we will investigate the role of competitive interactions on the synchronisation among identical oscillators. Then, we will show that the presence of a fraction of repulsive links results in the appearance of macroscopic oscillations at that signal's rhythm, in regions where the individual oscillator is unable to synchronise with a weak external signal.

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