Non-Hermitian dynamical topological winding in photonic mesh lattices

Longhi, Stefano
Optics Letters 49, 3672-3675 (2024)

Topological winding in non-Hermitian systems is generally associated to the Bloch band properties of lattice Hamiltonians. However, in certain non-Hermitian models, topological winding naturally arises from the dynamical evolution of the system and is related to a new form of geometric phase. Here we investigate dynamical topological winding in non-Hermitian photonic mesh lattices, where the mean survival time of an optical pulse circulating in coupled fiber loops is quantized and robust against Hamiltonian deformations. The suggested photonic model could provide an experimentally accessible platform for the observation of non-Hermitian dynamical topological windings.

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