Heat flux of a granular gas with homogeneous temperature

Khalil, Nagi
Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment 2016, 103209 (2016)

A steady state of granular gas with homogeneous granular temperature, no mass flow, and nonzero heat flux is studied. The state is created by applying an external position-dependent force or by enclosing the grains inside a curved 2D silo. At a macroscopic level, the state is identified with one solution to the inelastic Navier-Stokes equations, due to the coupling between the heat flux induced by the density gradient and the external force. In contrast, at the mesoscopic level, by exactly solving a BGK model or the inelastic Boltzmann equation in an approximate way, a one-parametric family of solutions is found. Molecular dynamics simulations of the system in the
quasi-elastic limit are in agreement with the theoretical results.

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