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Partners

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Beneficiaries:

Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB), Spain - PI: C. Mirasso

Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain, PI: I. Fischer

Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Germany, PI: G. Pipa

Universitè de Franche-Comtè (UFC), France, PI: L. Larger

Universidad de Cantabria (UC), Spain, PI: L. Pesquera

Potsdam Institut Fuer Klimafolgenforschung (PIFK), Germany, PI: J. Kurths

Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB), Belgium, PI: J. Danckaert

Institute of Cognitive Science (UOS), Germany, PI: G. Pipa

 

Details of the Partners:

Partner 1: Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos (IFISC), Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB), Spain.

The general interest of the group is the study of the light-matter non-linear interaction and its consequences towards applications in emerging photonic technologies. We study emitter systems (lasers, mainly semiconductor ones) as well as systems subject to optical injection (semiconductor optical amplifiers, Kerr media, etc.). Most of the research carried out on the group is related to the dynamics of semiconductor lasers. This includes aspects like temporal variations in the beam characteristics and nonlinear effects in edge emitting lasers as well as the mechanisms as feedback and mutual injection, with the perspective of possible applications in information and communication technologies. One topic of research focuses on the use of chaotic lasers to increase the security in optical communications, studying the chaotic dynamics of lasers subject to optical or electro-optical feedback and their synchronization properties.

 

CVs of key personnel:

Claudio R. Mirasso

(Coordinator) is Full Professor at the Physics Department of the UIB and member of the IFISC. He has authored or co-authored over 150 publications including about 115 SCI papers with more than 1800 citations. He was coordinator and principal investigator of the OCCULT project (IST-2000-29683) (2001-2004) and principal investigator in the PICASSO project (IST-2006-034551) (2006-2009). His research interests include instabilities in semiconductor lasers, synchronization and control of chaotic semiconductor lasers, neuronal dynamics and applications of nonlinear dynamics in general.

Raúl Toral

is full professor at the Physics Department of the UIB and member of IFISC. He has participated in several European project s and is currently PI of the Network of Ecellence BIOSIM (Biosimulation, a new tool in drug development, LSHB-CT-2004-005137). He has authored or co-authored over 142 publications, more than 2600 citations. His research interests include: Monte Carlo methods, stochastic resonance, chaos and synchronisation, amongst others.

Miguel Cornelles

is a postdoc at IFISC. He got the PhD in Engineering in 2006 at the VUB. He has participated in the COST Action 288: "Nanoscale and ultrafast photonics", VISTA: VCSELs for the Information Society Technology Applications (HPRNCT-2000-00034) European Reasearch Training Network and Interuniversity Attraction Pole ( IAP): "Photon network: From basic physics to new system concepts". He has co-authored 9 research papers and 15 conference presentations. His research interest includes dynamics and synchronization of chaotic lasers and electronic circuits.

Roberta Zambrini

is tenured researcher at IFISC from 2008. She worked at the Department of Physics of the University of Strathclyde  (Glasgow, UK) until 2006 when she was awarded a Ramon y Cajal fellowship and joined the IFISC. She is author of more than 50 publications whose 30 are ISI papers and presented her work in about 40 conferences with 6 invited talks. She coordinated two regional projects and was part of the team of of two European ones ("Quantum Structures" and "Quantum Imaging"), of one funded by EPSRC ("Multi-dimensional quantum entanglement and high density information transfer")  and of the MICINN project "Fisica Interdisciplinar de Sistemas Complejos". She works in quantum and non-linear optics.

Partner 2: Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos (IFISC), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain.

This group has a long-standing experience in the study of the nonlinear interaction of light and matter in semiconductor lasers and its consequences for applications in photonic technologies. The topics of research comprise the study of emission properties of semiconductor lasers in general and laser dynamics in particular, delay-induced dynamics, as well as the investigation of optical systems subject to optical injection (semiconductor optical amplifiers, Kerr media, etc.). The group has just started new and ambitious experimental activities in nonlinear photonics systems led by Prof. Ingo Fischer, who has joined the institute IFISC in May 2009. These activities include characterization, control and tailoring of the emission properties of modern photonic sources, the study of dynamics and synchronization of delayed-feedback and coupled laser systems, bio-inspired systems and the utilization of chaotic laser dynamics for novel functionalities in information and communication technologies.

CVs of key personnel:

Ingo Fischer

is Research Professor of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas at the IFISC, Palma de Mallorca. His studies are focused on nonlinear photonics and brain dynamics.  In particular, he is concentrating on emission properties and dynamics of modern photonic sources, delay-coupled laser systems, synchronization of lasers and neurons, and utilization of chaos. He received the Research Prize of the Adolf-Messer Foundation in 2000 and the first Hassian Cooperation Prize of the Technology Transfer Network in 2004. He has authored or co-authored over 62 papers in peer-reviewed journals, with more than 1400 citations. He has participated in 13 projects financed by European Union, German Research Foundation and other institutions. He was PI in the European projects OCCULT (IST-2000-29683) (2001-2004) and GABA (FP6-NEST-043309) (2007-2009).

Pere Colet

is Research Professor of the CSIC at the IFISC, Palma de Mallorca. He has authored or co-authored over 120 publications including about 90 journal papers. He has participated in several European projects including “Quantum Imaging” FET-OPEN action of the IST program (2001-2004), OCCULT project (IST-2000-29683) (2001-2004) and PICASSO project (IST-2006-034551) (2006-2009). His research interest includes semiconductor lasers dynamics, control of chaos in lasers, communications with synchronized chaotic lasers, synchronization of coupled nonlinear oscillators, patterns and correlations in nonlinear optical systems, etc.

Partner 3: Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS), Germany (until December 2010)

The Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS) is one of top research institutes for complex systems with a special focus on theoretical neuroscience. Research in FIAS concentrates on, first the identification of neuronal processes underlying cognitive functions, second modeling of processes of neuronal information processing, and third implementing bioinspired neurotechnologies for information processing and vision. The latter is especially fostered by the Frankfurt Bernstein focus on Neurotechnology (a Joint-Project of FIAS, the Honda Research Institute in Offenbach, the University Frankfurt, the Technical University Darmstadt and Max-Planck for Brain Research in Frankfurt) that is part of the German Bernstein Network Computational Neuroscience functions. FIAS neuroscience groups consist at the moment of ~20 faculty members and scientist and 20 Ph.D. students. It gives access to a high performance Cluster computer.

CVs of key personnel:

Gordon Pipa

Obtained his PhD in Neural Information processing in 2006 from the TU Berlin under the supervision of Prof. Klaus Obermayer and Prof. Wolf Singer. Already before he got his PhD he became a junior fellow at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies in 2004. Between 2007 and 2009 he was a Research Fellow at the MIT and the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston with Prof. Emery Brown. Since 2006 he has a joint affiliation as a junior fellow at FIAS and a Group leader at the Max-Planck for Brain Research. During his career he was awarded with the Main Campus Educator Award, a Scholarship of the German National Academic Foundation and is a Triple prize winner in the German contest for young scientists. His work led to 6 international patents (copy right transfer to the Siemens AG). His research was supported by Grants form the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, European Grant 04330 and a Volkswagen Grant.

Raul Vicente

Obtained his PhD in physics in 2006 from the University of the Balearic Islands, Spain. In 2003 and 2004 he was visitor scholar of the Department of Electrical Engineering UCLA, Los Angeles. Since 2006 he is a junior fellow at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies and the Max-Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt, Germany. He received the QEOD thesis prize by the European Physical Society in 2007 for the best thesis in applied aspects. He has co-authored 17 papers in scientific journals and 9 international proceedings. His research interests include nonlinear dynamics, delayed interactions, information theory, and coherent phenomena in complex systems.

Partner 4: Optics Department, University of Franche-Comté (UFC-P5), France

The Optics Department (formerly the Laboratoire d’Optique P.-M. Duffieux) belongs to the FEMTO-ST institute (Franche-Comté Electronique Mécanique Thermique et Optique- Sciences et Technologies). FEMTO-ST is a joint research and educational institute under the authority of the CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 6174), the University of Franche-Comté (UFC-P5), the Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et de Microtechnique (ENSMM), the University of Technology Belfort Montbéliard (UTBM). This public institute has been founded in 2004 by the merger of 5 Laboratories (including the Laboratoire d’optique P.-M. Duffieux). Its staff is composed by 175 researchers, 95 technicians and 180 PhD students. The FEMTO-ST institute research activities seek to investigate fundamental concepts as well as their engineering applications in 4 main areas: Micro and Nano Fabrication, Biomedical Engineering, Power Management and Telecommunication (among which are Photonics, and Time-Frequency activities).

The Optics Department is a multidisciplinary experimental research laboratory in optoelectronics, nonlinear and quantum optics, light source development, ultrafast optics, nano-photonics, plasmonics, near field optics microscopy, and bio-photonics applications. The synergetic research collaborations which have developed over a long period in such an environment have led to the development of the laboratory international reputation as a research institute of the highest quality. Researchers from the Optics Department have been responsible for a number of pioneering breakthroughs in telecommunications technologies including some of the first experiments in optical chaotic and quantum encryption, the first intensity and phase measurements on telecommunications pulses at 1.5 (micra)m, and, recently, pioneering experimental and theoretical modelling of ultrashort pulse propagation in photonic crystal fibres, as well as investigation of photonics-based Time and Frequency standards (Opto-electronic oscillator, Comb oscillators). Its level of research excellence can be judged by numerous factors: staff members serving on editorial boards of international journals and participating frequently in professional society activities; frequent invitations to speak at national and international conferences; extensive national and European level funding (OCCULT, QUANTIM, PICASSO); staff serving on scientific advisory boards to international companies; numerous highly cited publications and patents (http://www.femto-st.fr).

CVs of key personnel:

Laurent Larger

Received the PhD degree in Optical Engineering from the University of Franche-Comté in 1997. He became assistant professor at the University of Franche-Comté in 1998, and obtained his “Habilitation” in 2002. He was responsible from 2003 to 2006 of the international research center GTL-CNRS Telecom, a joint laboratory between the French CNRS, Georgia Tech University of Atlanta, and the University of Franche-Comté. He got an associate professor position at the University of Franche-Comté in 2005. His current research at the FEMTO-ST institute, Besançon, includes the study of chaos in optical and electronic systems for secure communications, delayed nonlinear dynamics, optical telecommunication systems, and high spectral purity optoelectronic oscillators. Since September 2007 he is a Junior member in the national institute for academic excellence, the IUF (Institut Universitaire de France).

He has more than 40 peer reviewed international articles, nearly 100 international conferences, among which 20 invited conferences. He is organizing since 2003 a French summer school on nonlinear dynamics in Peyresq, and was member of the scientific committee of the “Rencontres du Non Linéaire” in Paris during 5 years. He participated in 2 major European projects on optical chaos communication (OCCULT 01-04, PICASSO 06-09), and 3 national projects on nonlinear dynamics for communications, and optoelectronic oscillators (as coordinator).

Maxime Jacquot

Received the PhD degree in engineering sciences from the University of Franche-Comté, France, in 2001. In 2002, he joined as assistant professor the Laboratoire Traitement du Signal et Instrumentation (LTSI), University of Saint Etienne, France. His research interests dealt with spectral interferometry, optical correlator and its applications in Optical Coherence Tomography and optical components characterizations. In 2006, he joined as assistant professor the FEMTO-ST Optical Department of Besançon. His current research interests include delayed nonlinear dynamics and its applications in optical chaos communications, among others.

Yanne Chembo

Received the Ph.D. degree in physics from the University of Yaoundé I in 2005 and from the University of the Balearic Island, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, in 2006. In 2002, he was with the Division of Technical Telecommunication Studies, Minpostel, Cameroon. From 2007 to 2009 he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Franche Comté Electronique, Mécanique Thermique et Optique - Sciences et Technologies (FEMTO-ST) Institute, Besançon, France. In 2009 he became a permanent staff CNRS researcher at the FEMTO-ST institute, in the Optics department. His research interests involve nonlinear dynamics, chaos cryptography, optical fiber communications, etc.

Jean-Marc Merolla

Received the PhD degree in Optical Engineering from the University of Franche-Comté in 1999. In 1999, he joined GTL-CNRS Telecom, the common research platform between CNRS and the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA, as a CNRS researcher. Since 2004, he purses his research activities at the Optical Department of the FEMTO-ST institute. His current research includes the study of chaos in optical and electronic systems for secure applications, nonlinear dynamics, and quantum optical telecommunication systems.

John Dudley

Received B.Sc and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Auckland in 1987 and 1992 respectively. In 1992 and 1993, he carried out postdoctoral research at the University of St Andrews in Scotland before taking a lecturing position in 1994 at the University of Auckland. In 2000, he obtained the French university Habilitation and was appointed Professor at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon, France. He is currently the Team Leader of the Optoelectronics and Photonics research group. He was nominated to the Institut Universitaire de France in 2005, and elected a Fellow of the Optical Society of America and a Senior Member of the IEEE in 2007.

Nadia Butterlin

Received the Doctorat degree ad HDR (french habilitation for researh management) from the University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France, in 1989 and 2005. In 1989, she joined the Laboratoire d’Optique, Besançon, as a CNRS engineer, where she is involved in research in optoelectronic parallel computing. Since 1993, she has been with the University of Franche-Comté as an assistant professor. Her research concentrates on the design and development of new architectures for intensive optical computing. Her current interests include advanced optoelectronic systems for applications in high speed transmission (chaos communications and quantum key distribution), signal processing, and bio-medical applications. Since 2006, she is the head of the bio-engineering education department at the university of Franche-Comté.

Partner 5: Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, CSIC-UC, Universidad de Cantabria (UC), Spain

The general interest of the group is the study of nonlinear effects in semiconductor lasers, in particular vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers (VCSELs) subject to optical injection or optical feedback. Research topics include the effect of optical injection on the high frequency optical pulse train generation, optical injection induced bistability for all-optical signal processing, and generation of chaotic carrier signals for chaos-based optical communication systems. One topic of research focuses on nonlinear systems modeling using machine learning techniques (mainly neural networks). These techniques are applied to the analysis of the security of optical chaotic communication systems based on lasers with delayed feedback.

CVs of key personnel:

Luis Pesquera

Is Full Professor of the UC at the IFCA. He has authored or co-authored over 130 publications including about 85 SCI journal papers. He has participated in several European projects including the OCCULT project (IST-2000-29683) (2001-2004), “VISTA: VCSELs for the Information Society Technology Applications” (HPRNCT-2000-00034. His research interests include nonlinear dynamics and noise in semiconductor lasers, particularly VCSELs, communications with synchronized chaotic lasers, time series analysis, nonlinear systems modeling using neural networks, and nonlinear dynamics of chaotic electronic circuits.

José Manuel Gutiérrez

Is full research professor at the IFCA. His research interests include data mining and nonlinear systems modeling using machine learning techniques (mainly neural and Bayesian networks), control and synchronization of chaos, predictability and ensemble forecasting, including both theoretical and applied topics (nonlinear circuits, genomics, meterology, etc.). He has co-authored three books and more than 50 papers in these topics. He was principal investigator in the EELA (2006-2007, IST-026409, data mining) and ENSEMBLES (GOCE-CT-2003-505539, 2005-2009), data mining in climate) projects.

Angel Valle

Is Associate Professor at the Modern Physics Department of the UC and member of the IFCA. He has authored or co-authored over 70 publications including about 50 SCI journal papers. He has participated in the European projects "Gigahertz and picosecond optics in semiconductor laser devices” (CHRX - CT94 - 0594) (1994-1997), COST Action 288: "Nanoscale and ultrafast photonics", and "VISTA: VCSELs for the Information Society Technology Applications" (HPRNCT-2000-00034). His research interests include nonlinear dynamics and noise in semiconductor lasers with a particular emphasis on VCSELs, synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers, and applications of nonlinear dynamics.

Partner 6: Postdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung (PIFK), Germany

PIFK has a strong and influential nonlinear dynamics group with expertise in synchronization and stochastic influences on complex systems. This group has also strong experience in networks with complex dynamics on the nodes. For example, it successfully worked on the design of weighted coupling network structures to enhance synchronisation, on hierarchical network structures and on information transmission in active networks, mostly also in time-delayed systems. The group has much experience in the transfer of modern concepts and methods to interdisciplinary applications, i.e., how to develop complexity measures for the analysis of complex systems by means of recurrence plot, how to capture the information exchanges between the coupled nodes of spatially distributed complex networks, and how to deal with large scale data sets.

 

CVs of key personnel:

Juergen Kurths

Got his PhDin 1983 at the GDR Academy of Sciences and his Dr. habil. in 1990. He was full Professor at the University of Potsdam from 1994–2008 and has been Professor of Nonlinear Dynamics at the Humboldt University, Berlin and chair of the research domain Transdisciplinary Concepts of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research since 2008. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and of the Fraunhofer Society (Germany). He got a Humboldt-CSIR research price in 2005 and a Dr. h.c. in 2008. His main research interests are complex synchronization phenomena, complex networks, time series analysis and their applications in cognitive and neuroscience and climatology. He has published more than 350 papers and two monographs, which have been cited more than 11,000 times.  He has coordinated the RTN “COSYC of SENS” within FP5, has been an area head in the NoE BIOSIM (FP6), the vice speaker of SFB 555 "Complex Nonlinear Processes" (DFG), and Co-coordinator of SPP 1114 "Time Series Analysis and Image Processing" (DFG).

D. V. Senthilkumar

Received his Ph. D in theoretical physics from Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli, India in 2008. At present, he is working as Alexander von Humboldt postdoctoral fellow at centre for dynamics of complex systems at University of Potsdam and also a guest scientist at PIFK with Prof. J. Kurths. Now he is working on synchronization in networks of time-delay systems with and without delay coupling. He has author or co-authored 14 publications and 6 conference proceedings. His research interest includes synchronization and desynchronization of coupled time-delay systems, stability analysis, networks, electronic circuits, etc.

Yong Zou

Is a postdoc at the research domain Transdisciplinary Concepts and Methods of Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research since 2008. He obtained his PhD in theoretical physics from the University of Potsdam in 2007, Germany. He has published 11 papers. His main research interests include nonlinear data analysis, recurrences, nonlinear dynamics of complex systems, complex networks theory and modelling of social-economic networks.

Partner 7: Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB), Belgium

The Dept. of Applied Physics and Photonics (TONA) of the VUB is an international and multi-facetted research team (Head of Dept: Prof. H. Thienpont) of more than 50 researchers coming from more than 8 countries. TONA’s general policy is to combine fundamental challenges with more applied research topics, at the same time also solving problems for industry. This makes TONA not only an internationally oriented department, but also a particularly interdisciplinary one, with the critical mass, expertise and state-of-the-art labs to provide a truly fertile environment for its researchers. TONA is / has been participating in many EU research projects and networks, some of these as a coordinator. Among the many research themes, all centred around photonics in the broad sense, the experimental and theoretical work on the dynamics (deterministic, stochastic) of semiconductor lasers is of particular relevance for the present project. We have been studying in detail the modal and polarisation dynamics of VCSELS, as well as the dynamics between the two counterpropagating modes of Semicondcutor Ring Lasers for applications in all-optical information processing. Also the dynamics of semiconductor lasers under the influence of time-delayed feedback, as well as spatio-temporal dynamics of nonlinear dissipative structures in photonics and elsewhere are main research interests.

CVs of key personnel:

Jan Danckaert

Obtained a PhD on the subject of nonlinear optics in 1992 at the VUB. In 2001 and 2002 he was a visiting scientist at IMEDEA (now IFISC), CSIC-UIB, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. As from 2005-2006 on he is full professor at the VUB. His current research interests go towards semiconductor laser dynamics and non-linear dynamics in general. He has been active as a working group chair in several COST actions, partner in several EU funded projects, workpackage responsible in the Belgian photonics network photonics@be and has been a member of the scientific programme committee of several conferences and workshops. As an author or co-author, he contributed to 50 papers in SCI-rated journals and about 100 contributions to international conferences of which 5 invited talks. 

Guy Van der Sande

Received the title of Doctor in the Applied Sciences at the department of Applied Physics and Photonics (TONA) of the VUB in 2005. After his PhD, he stayed for one year at the department Optique Nonlinéaire Théorique of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (2005-2006). In 2006, he returned to TONA-VUB as a postdoctoral research fellow of the Flemish Fund for Scientific Research (FWO-Vlaanderen), where he is still active up until today.  In 2007, he was a visiting scientist at the IFISC, at the Univ. Illes Balears in Palma de Mallorca (Spain).

Guy Verschaffelt

Received the M.E. degree in photonics and the Ph.D. degree from the Department of Applied Physics and Photonics (TONA) of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium in 1996 and 2000, respectively. Presently, he is a postdoctoral research fellow with VUB. His research interests go towards the experimental study of the dynamics of semiconductor lasers.

Lennert Appeltant

was born in Belgium in 1985. In June 2008 he graduated as an Electrotechnical Engineer with major in Photonics at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Since October 2008 he is working towards a PhD at TONA-VUB on photonic implementations of reservoir computing with delayed feedback systems.

Partner 8: University of Osnabrück, Institute of Cognitive Science (UOS), Germany (since January 2011)

The interdisciplinary Institute of Cognitive Science was established in June 2001 and officially inaugurated in November 2002. The research of the Institute is aimed primarily at questions of higher cognitive functions - on the one hand as pure research on an interdisciplinary level with an interest in more comprehensive scientific knowledge, that is to say overlapping the traditional disciplines; at the same time, however, with the aim of preparing technologies with which the challenges of a modern information society can be met in a competent and innovative manner. The institute of Cognitive Science FIAS neuroscience groups consist at the moment of ~40 faculty members and scientist and 25 Ph.D. students.

CVs of key personnel:

Gordon Pipa

Is professor for neuroinformatics and holds the chair of the neuroinformatics department at the University of Osnabrück. He obtained his PhD in Neural Information processing in 2006 from the TU Berlin under the supervision of Prof. Klaus Obermayer and Prof. Wolf Singer. Already before he got his PhD he became a junior fellow at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies in 2004. Between 2007 and 2009 he was a Research Fellow at the MIT and the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston with Prof. Emery Brown. Since 2006 he has a joint affiliation as a junior fellow at FIAS and a Group leader at the Max-Planck for Brain Research. During his career he was awarded with the Main Campus Educator Award, a Scholarship of the German National Academic Foundation and is a Triple prize winner in the German contest for young scientists. His work led to 6 international patents (copy right transfer to the Siemens AG). His research was supported by Grants form the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, European Grant 04330 and a Volkswagen Grant.