Participant contribution

Effects of thermal gradients on the intensity of vortices generated in a cylindrical annulus

  • Author: María Cruz Navarro, Universidad de Castilla- La Mancha.

  • Names of other authors: Henar Herrero.

  • Oral or poster: poster.

  • Downloadable abstract: click here.

  • Abstract:
    It is widely recognized the importance of convective phenomena in the formation and evolution of some meteorological events [2,3]. In Ref.[4] authors show the relevance of convective mechanisms in the generation of vertical vortices in a cylindrical annulus and prove that under certain thermal conditions (vertical and horizontal temperature gradients) and conditions on the annular geometry, a stable vortical structure, very similar to a dust devil, can be generated from a convective instability.
    We have extended the results reported in Ref. [4] and analyze the influence of the thermal parameters on the structure and intensity of the vortex developed. We prove that the horizontal temperature gradient considered at the bottom of the cylindrical annulus and the vertical temperature gradient, determine the intensity of the vortex so its behavior can be changed and controlled by thermal mechanisms [5]. We report strategies to thermally control the vortical structures: make them stronger, weaker, or make them disappear.
    The results found are remarkable as they qualitatively agree with those observed for the evolution of the intensity of vortices appearing in some atmospheric phenomena such as dust devils or cyclones.

    [1] N. O. Rennó, M. L. Burkett, and M. P. Larkin, "A simple theory for dust devils", J. Atmos. Sci. 55, 3244-3252 (1998).
    [2] K. A. Emanuel. Divine wind. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2005).
    [3] K. A. Emanuel, "Thermodynamic control of hurricane intensity", Nature 401, 665-669 (1999).
    [4] M. C. Navarro and H. Herrero, "Vortex generation by a convective instability in a cylindrical annulus non-homogeneously heated", Physica D 240 1181-1188(2011).
    [5] M. C. Navarro and H. Herrero, "E ffects of thermal gradients on the intensity of vortices generated in a cylindrical annulus", Chaos 21 043132 (2011).
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